Amidst the continuous climate change debate, a new research suggests that bacteria may augment the phenomenon of climate change.
A new research published by Imperial College London in Nature Communications reveals that bacteria along with archea (together they form prokaryotes) will adapt better to the rising temperatures due to global warming. Rising temperature is likely to increase the rate of respiration of bacteria. Bacteria also gives out carbon dioxide while they perform respiration, however, the amount of carbon dioxide released is sensitive to ambient temperature. Thus, with increased temperatures, bacteria will add more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere which will further aggravate the process of climate change.
This new study establishes the role of bacteria in the climate change models. Bacteria are immensely diverse species. They are so minute in size that they are not even visible to naked eyes but form almost half of the biomass of the planet earth. Bacteria are omnipresent i.e. are found everywhere on the planet Earth – air, water, soil etc. Bacterial diversity is immense. They play very crucial ecological roles. They enable bio geo chemical cycles or nutrient cycles that circulates essential nutrients and prevent them from locking up in environment and are decomposers of food chain that convert complex organic matter back to the environment in simpler forms by decomposing it.